Urban Energy Networks
coordinated by ENEA ENEA (The Italian National Agency for the New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development) and Austrian Institute of Technology
Each city has its own energy metabolism, characterised by energy production, storage and consumption with their corresponding “interconnected networks”. Smart cities therefore also require smart energy grids which are able to communicate with each other to balance thermal and electrical loads depending on supply and demand. The large-scale integration of distributed renewable energy sources into existing energy grids brings up additional challenges in the development of smart urban energy networks. This sub-programme aims to optimise these interconnected networks by intelligent planning, design and operation, integrating all accessible sources of renewable energy and providing flexible balancing potentials. This will be achieved by developing models for optimal management of low impact „Smart Energy Districts“ and solutions for smart integration of electrical and thermal energy production, storage and consumption at urban level. The integrated energy management systems of the future will rely on comprehensive sensor networks feeding energy-related data into a multifunctional ICT platform, which will enable a range of smart services based on real time data. The human factor will be taken into account by deepening the knowledge about citizen-city interaction and its influence on energy use to be able to design „human oriented technologies“.
WP 1 Smart Energy Districts
WP 2 Urban Network Integration Data System for Cities
WP 3 Human Factors: the Citizen-City Interaction